Transactions between the company and its subsidiaries, which are related parties, have been eliminated on consolidation and are not disclosed in this note.
The related party transactions with the group's joint ventures during the period and amounts outstanding at the period end date were as follows:
|Sales of services||496.3||404.3|
|Purchases of goods and services||0.7||0.7|
|Costs recharged at nil margin under transitional service agreements||1.4||18.5|
|Interest income and fees recognised on loans to related parties||3.4||2.6|
|Amounts owed by related parties||179.7||163.5|
|Amounts owed to related parties||1.4||12.1|
Sales of services to related parties during the year mainly represent non-household wholesale charges and were on the group's normal trading terms.
At 31 March 2018, amounts owed by joint ventures, as recorded within trade and other receivables in the statement of financial position, were £179.7 million (2017: £163.5 million), comprising £42.5 million (2017: £41.5 million) of trade balances, which are unsecured and will be settled in accordance with normal credit terms, and £137.2 million (2017: £122.0 million) relating to loans. Included within these loans receivable were the following amounts owed by Water Plus:
- £100.0 million outstanding on a £100.0 million revolving credit facility provided by United Utilities Water Limited, which is guaranteed by United Utilities PLC, with a maturity date of 30 September 2019, bearing a floating interest rate of LIBOR plus a credit margin;
- £9.3 million receivable being the fair value of amounts owed in relation to a £12.5 million unsecured loan note held by United Utilities PLC, with a maturity date of 28 March 2027. This is an interest-free shareholder loan with a total amount outstanding at 31 March 2017 of £12.5 million, comprising the £9.3 million receivable held at fair value, and £3.2 million recorded as an equity contribution to Water Plus recognised within interests in joint ventures; and
- £26.5 million outstanding on a £32.5 million revolving credit facility provided by United Utilities PLC, with a maturity date of 30 September 2019, bearing a floating interest rate of LIBOR plus a credit margin.
A further £1.4 million of non-current receivables (2017: £3.3 million) was owed by other related parties at 31 March 2018.
£nil expense or allowance has been recognised for bad and doubtful receivables in respect of amounts owed by related parties (2017: £nil).
During the year, United Utilities PLC provided guarantees in support of Water Plus in respect of certain amounts owed to wholesalers. The aggregate limit of these guarantees was £42.5 million, of which £24.0 million related to guarantees to United Utilities Water Limited.
At 31 March 2018, amounts owed to joint ventures were £1.4 million (2017: £12.1 million). The amounts outstanding are unsecured and will be settled in accordance with normal credit terms (2017: same).
Details of transactions with key management are disclosed in note 2.
The parent company receives dividend income and pays and receives interest to and from subsidiary undertakings in the normal course of business. Total dividend income received during the year amounted to £267.0 million (2017: £263.1 million) and total net interest payable during the year was £25.4 million (2017: £27.7 million). Amounts outstanding at 31 March 2018 and 31 March 2017 between the parent company and subsidiary undertakings are provided in notes 14, 16 and 20.
At 31 March 2018 and 31 March 2017, no related party receivables and payables were secured and no guarantees were issued in respect thereof. Balances will be settled in accordance with normal credit terms. No allowance for doubtful receivables has been made for amounts owed by subsidiary undertakings as at 31 March 2018 and 31 March 2017.